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Published on 26 January 2024

February 2024 marks the first anniversary of the devastating earthquakes in southern Turkey and northwest Syria, when 58,000 individuals tragically lost their lives, leaving many more injured.  Homes, hospitals and schools were destroyed. Lives were changed forever.

Thanks to the generosity of Christian Aid supporters throughout the UK and Ireland, £3.45 million was raised for this appeal, and our local partners are continuing to use these funds to provide support and build resilience in the most affected areas.   

Christian Aid's partners in Syria and Turkey have been able to reach 105,500 people over the last 12 months, and make plans to reach around 289,500 more by the time our current projects are completed in January 2025. Some of these projects will focus on longer-term development such as supporting education and healthcare provision and facilities, and working with engineers to strengthen existing buildings such as schools against future shocks.

Both the generosity of supporters and the commitment of our partners in both Turkey and Syria demonstrate the power of compassion and solidarity during times of crisis.

The situation was particularly grim in northwest Syria, which was already struggling with the impact of more than 12 years of war. The region already had over four million people in need of aid before the earthquake struck, including nearly 2 million people living in camps after being displaced by the conflict. 

In the days that followed the earthquake, Christian Aid’s local partners were on the ground in northwest Syria supporting relief efforts. In the first six months alone, they reached more than 60,000 people in northwest Syria and another 5,000 people in southern Turkey.

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Sara sitting in between her sisters outside their tent Credit: Hurras Network
Girls gather beside tent

With funding from Irish Aid, Christian Aid’s local partner Hurras Network handed out emergency kits to 2,500 children impacted by the earthquake. The emergency kits contained essentials such as food, blankets, warm clothing and soap as well as stationery to keep the children entertained.  

One of those given a kit was six-year-old Sara* who was forced to take shelter in a tent with her family after the earthquake. Sara said: “Life here in camp is so tough. The tent is sometimes freezing and sometimes it’s too hot.”

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Sami plays at a Christian Aid supported child friendly space in northwest Syria Credit: Hurras Network
Boy on slide

Even during the most difficult of times, it’s vital that children are given opportunities to have fun to help them cope with their situation.

Ten-year-old Sami is one of the 4,000 children attending 100 child-friendly spaces set up by Hurras Network following the earthquake, thanks to funding from Cordaid. The spaces offer fun activities and a place for children to spend time together and play.

Sami has hearing problems and a speech impediment and was not attending school before the earthquake. At the child-friendly space, he was offered specialist one-to-one educational and emotional support.

I love this place very much. I can play with toys and learn from the teacher. I've learnt my numbers and Arabic letters. This place makes me happy.

- Sami.
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Children playing at a child friendly space Credit: Hurras Network
Children having fun

The earthquake severely disrupted children’s education in northwest Syria, Salwa and Mahmoud included. Thankfully, in June, they were among the 7,000 children able to start attending ‘catch up’ classes run by Hurras Network and funded by Cordaid.

We are making up time for what we lost due to the earthquake.

- Mahmoud.
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Salwa and Mahmoud with their teacher Rawa Credit: Hurras Network
Teaching children

Their teacher is 35-year-old Rawa, who could see the emotional toll the earthquake had on her students. “After the earthquake, the children felt scared, anxious and had difficulty focusing,” Rawa said.

The summer school proved to be a sanctuary for 12-year-old Salwa and played a pivotal role in helping her cope with the stresses of a traumatic year. "I feel very safe here. I am with my friends, which helps me forget about the earthquake,” she said.

Returning to school has also helped children think more positively about the future. Though for 11-year-old Mahmoud, his ambitions are directly linked to his recent experience.

When I grow up I want to be an engineer so I can rebuild houses destroyed by earthquakes.

- Mahmoud.

Funds raised by the Irish Emergency Alliance’s Turkey-Syria earthquake appeal supported the running costs of 70 summer schools, helping another 16,500 children in northwest Syria catch up with their studies.

One of these students was ten-year-old Renaad, who was worried at first about going back to school. “I was afraid of another earthquake happening while I'm away from my family. The school building is old, I was afraid it might collapse,” she said.

However, the summer school also taught calming techniques to the children to help them cope with any stresses they have felt since the earthquake.

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Renaad practicing relaxation Credit: Hurras Network
Girl practicing relaxing techniques

Renaad found the relaxation techniques helped her greatly. “I learned how to take deep breaths, which makes me feel more relaxed. It gives me the strength to face situations that bother me or make me sad,” she said.

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Children attending a Christian Aid supported summer school in northwest Syria Credit: Hurras Network
Boy in summer school

In Turkey, the enormous damaged caused by the earthquakes is still obvious, where thousands of residential buildings collapsed as people slept. 

Christian Aid’s partner MIDMAR (Managing Innovation and Development in Middle East and Arab Region) has been responding the needs in communities of Turkish, Syrian and Kurdish people in Gaziantep (southern Turkey) and to date have reached 6,750 people. 

Many of these are families who received financial support equating to £255 (over three installments). Access to cash enabled families to purchase the supplies they needed to survive the difficult months directly after the earthquakes. 

What is the current situation?

The humanitarian situation in Syria is reported to be at its worst point since the conflict started almost 13 years ago, with hostilities escalating in October 2023, and heavy rains and floods exacerbating already challenging conditions for displaced people in camps in the northwest.  

Severe winter weather, sub-zero nighttime temperatures and ongoing bombings have led to damaged tents, water leakages, flooding in sewage lines and health risks from using unsafe heating materials. 

Our partners have expressed an urgent need to improve access to medical facilities in affected areas, provide housing, repair damaged tents, improve camp infrastructure, distribute safe heating materials and increase food rations during the winter months.  

Thank you to everyone who has donated. But there is more to do. Every prayer, every gift, every action brings hope to people hit by disaster. 

*Names have been changed throughout.

Our response efforts have been made possible due to the generosity of our donors, including over £605,000/€710,000 donated by Christian Aid Ireland supporters and our church partners – thank you!